alphabet (alfabeto)was named after the Greek
letters alpha and beta “a” and “b” that it begins with. The
Phoenicians designed it and invented the alphabetic writing, but it was Cadmo from Phoenicia who took it to Greece and passed it onto the Romans,
who transmitted it to the European languages.
The alphabet and its form, content, names and
had, as the Spanish language, many changes through its
evolution. Originally from Latin, Greek and Arabic, the Spanish alphabet
took some letters and combinations of them to support the blend of
languages, overall, when having to adapt to the language of the natives.
An example of this is the letter X becoming important to support
indigenous words; also with time the form of the letter
changed into “U” but the “V” remained as another letter, too.
The pronunciation of single letters
The following chart shows the current alphabet.
The first column has the symbol or what we know as letter.
of the name of the letter, in Spanish, is in the
The third column has a guide to the sound of the letter considering
a similar English sound as a preparatory starting point. This means that
the sound will be very close to the one emitted in English.
To make a real sound you may need to open your mouth at the same time that
you let the air and sound flow strongly.
The fourth column shows words in English that have a similar sound
in English to the sound in Spanish.
- The fifth column has an example of a word in
Spanish with a letter in turn. The parenthesis shows a representation of
how to read and pronounce the Spanish word written above.